- The planet is named for Venus, the Roman goddess of love.
- To the Teutonic peoples, the planet was known as Frig, the goddess wife of Woden. Friday
(Frigdaeg) is named for her.
- Venus is about the same size as Earth.
- Venus rotates in a retrograde (backward) direction.
- At its closest, Venus is only 42 million kilometers (26 million miles) from Earth.
- Venus has a thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Atmospheric pressure at the surface is
90 times that of Earth.
- Because Venus is nearer the Sun than Earth and has a very thick atmosphere, the surface
temperature is extremely high, as much as 475° Celsius (900 ° Farenheit).
|Mean distance from the Sun:
||0.7233 AU (108,200,000 km/67,240,000 mi)
|Length of year:
||243 days (retrograde)
|Mean orbital velocity:
||35 km/sec (21.8 mi/sec)
|Inclination of axis:
||12,104 km (7500 mi)
|Number of observed satellites:
|Comparisons with Earth:
|Mean distance from Sun:
||0.723 x Earth's
||0.96 x Earth's
||0.81 x Earth's
||0.9 x Earth's
Earth-based Observations ||
Seeing Through The Clouds || Volcanism
Other Surface Features || A Global View
|| Missions To Venus || Mysteries
Venus Facts || Imagery Index
©1998 National Air and Space Museum